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Alexandre Astruc’s canonical essay, ‘The Birth of a New Avant-Garde: La Caméra -Stylo’ (), is considered a key precursor in the study of cinematic. Digital video and Alexandre Astruc’s. caméra-stylo: the new avant-garde in. documentary realized? Bjørn Sørenssen Norwegian University of Science and T . La caméra-stylo. Alexandre Astruc. “What interests ine in the cinema is abstraction.’ (Orson Welles). One casinot help noticing that something is happening in the.

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What interests us is the srylo of this new language. Remember Eisenstein’s famous statement: From today onwards, it will be possible for the cinema to produce works which are equivalent, in their profundity and meaning, to the novels of Faulkner and Malraux, to the essays of Sartre and Camus. The films of Hawks go much further in the knowledge of man than so-called Underground analyses and studies do.

But there is a time and place for polemics. It is a series of images which, from one end to the other, have an inexorable logic or better even, a dialectic of their own.

He called for an end to institutional cinema and for a new style that would be both personal and malleable. Cinematic Time and the Question of Malaise.

However, the Nouvelle Chic might have been a more appropriate way of categorising it, with its white sports cars, cocktail parties, a recording studio, modern skyscrapers, jazz and Bach on the soundtrack and quick, slick cross-cutting. Alexzndre will even go so far as to say that contemporary ideas and philosophies of life are such that only the cinema can do justice to them. Stiegler attempts to rectify this error. This metaphor has a very precise sense.

This is what leads him to his strongest auteurist claim, a few pages later: Let us now alezandre a look at the way people make concessions to the supposed but fallacious requirements of the cinema.

Alexandre Astruc

This emphasis is not a mistake. It is an art that cannot live by looking back over the past and chewing over the nostalgic memories of an age gone by. We could say, in this context, that Truffaut offers his readers a useful reminder of the etymology of the term cinematography itself: That’s why I am talking about avant-garde. In any case, they were doing no more than make cinematic adaptations of their experiments in painting and poetry. Leroi-Gourhan’s thesis is that while the cortical system of the human brain has remained largely unchanged since the Neanderthal period, the human being has continued to evolve because of the relationship he develops with technics.


Astruc begins his essay by suggesting that something qualitatively new is happening in the cinema. From that moment on, it will no longer be possible to speak of the cinema. By it I mean that the cinema will gradually break free from the tyranny of what is visual, from the image for its own sake, from the immediate and concrete demands of the narrative, to become a means of writing just as flexible and subtle as written language. In other words, in order to suggest the passing of time, there is no need to show falling leaves and then apple trees in blossom; and in order to suggest that a hero wants to make love there are surely other ways of going about it than showing a saucepan of milk boiling over on to the stove, as Henri-Georges Clouzot does in Quai des Orfevres Jenny Lamour.

It is not just a coincidence that Renoir’s La Regle du JeuWelles’s films, and Bresson’s Les Dames du Bois de Boulogneall films which establish the foundations of a new future for the cinema, have escaped the attention of critics, who in any case were not capable of spotting them. Stiegler is not wrong to suggest that film and other related media technologies have troubling components; after all, cinema does evolve into big business that attempts to maximise profits through a set of principles or rules that function to delimit the uses to which the technology might be put.

Introduction to “The Future of Cinema” by Alexandre Astruc — The Third Rail

The possibility of an individual response, the expression of a true individuality, becomes camrea rare. But the history of cinema is not as singular as Stiegler suggests. Of course, no tendency can be so called unless it has something concrete to show for itself.

Mitchell and Mark B. Language is a mode of abstraction since it converts our everyday perceptions into concepts or signs. In the end, she sacrifices both men for her independence. Descartes, we could say, had an instrumentalist view in regards to technology: There are, and have always been, alternative practices of cinema, and these practices utilise the medium otherwise, pursuing a path that Stiegler does not seriously consider in Technics and Time.


In a similar vein, we can easily extend his comments on 16mm film to the emergence of digital video cameras, which now make it easier than ever for individuals to write with the camera — literally so. Let me say once again that I realise the term avant-garde savours of the surrealist and so-called abstract films of the aetruc. The most philosophical meditations on human production, psychology, metaphysics, ideas, and passions lie within its province. All three filmmakers are essential figures for Bazin as well.

The epistemological possibilities of film are directly tied to the temporal status of cinematographic images, their dynamic astrucc dialectical qualities — although Astruc objects to the way Sergei Eisenstein equates dialectical thinking with montage.

To state it plainly—and to correct the many manglings of this appearing in the obituaries—Astruc was not the inventor of the auteur theory. In the future, Astruc believes, not only will more people have access to cameras, but they will also have more flexibility in how they screen a film. The fundamental problem of the cinema is how to express thought.

The cinema of today is capable of expressing any kind of reality.

But there was the possibility that this might occur, through this individual encounter with technics. This alexahdre is the result of a number of factors, and they are not all part of the same industrialisation or corporatisation of the medium.

It is such bodily advances that lead to the development of speech and language, both of which are made possible by the peculiar features of human anatomy. Direction is no longer a means of illustrating or presenting a scene, but a true act of writing. He defended his dissertation inand, since then, has published more than a dozen books — a number of them organised around a common theme, as in the three-volume Technics and Time series, published in France between and This idea of the cinema expressing ideas is not perhaps a new one.

There is a similar methodology on display in the work of both philosophers: Simply by using one’s eyes. The most alexajdre meditations on human production, psychology, metaphysics, ideas, and passions lie well within its province.