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Java GridBagLayout example with examples on all layout managers such as BorderLayout, GridLayout, FlowLayout, BoxLayout, CardLayout, GridBagLayout, GroupLayout, SpringLayout, ScrollPaneLayout etc. Computer Network tutorial. Creating a GUI with JFC/Swing. Lesson: How to Use GridBagLayout: The Example Explained. Here, again, is the applet that shows a GridBagLayout in action. As the above applet shows, a GridBagLayout places components in a grid of You can find more examples of using GridBagLayout throughout this tutorial.

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A component can be resized by dragging small square resize handles that appear around its perimeter when it is selected. After you release the mouse all the five components are highlighted with orange borders and green background as shown below.

Dimension preferredLayoutSize Container parent Determines the preferred size of the parent container using this grid bag layout. If we think about it for a while, we can see that not all regions fit into a grid cell, some regions spread into two cells marked in blue:. This makes it extremely easy to add extra fields at a later point in time. To get the labels aligned to the left instead of to the center as they are at the moment, complete the steps below:.

Make the component on stretchable. If no component managed by the GridBagLayout had weightx set, then when the components’ container was made wider, the components would stay clumped together in the center of the container, like this: Adjusts the x, y width and height fields to the correct values depending on the constraint geometry and pads. The series is intended as a guide to show how you can layout your GUI components without manually writing your layout code and then perform additional changes in an existing form to implement a specific target layout that is required by the project.

GridBagLayout « Swing « Java Tutorial

Make the component only stretch vertically. You can now go to the second in a two-part series tutorial where you will modify the ContactsAdvancedInitial form to get familiar with the GridBag Customizer advanced features.


In our first cut, we are only interested in the X and Y placement, and spans, so we set gridX and gridY on all the first level components we are adding. I really like Extjs. The following figure shows the grid for the gridbaglyout applet. The Weight X and Weight Y layout constraints determine whether a fridbaglayout “wants” to grow in horizontal and vertical directions.

The new horizontal space is split evenly among all the columns. The Property Customizer is positioned in the top left corner of the Customize Layout dialog box.

You’ll see a more detailed example in the next section. December 13, at 9: An archive with the demo project containing the initial and target tutorial layouts. Instead of invoking methods on a GridBagConstraints object, you manipulate its instance variables, as described in Specifying Constraints. If you try to resize the previewed container horizontally, you can see that the layout components remain the same size and stay clumped in the middle of the container.

TextSamplerDemo Using Text Components Aligns two pairs of labels and text fields, plus adds a label across the full width of the container. Since the preferred size of the combobox is smaller than the size of the corresponding cell, the GridBagLayout places the component into the center of the cell by default.

Hi Nimal, try this: Returns the maximum dimensions for this layout given the components in the specified target container. Values that are not the default are marked in boldface.

GridBagLayout Tutorial

Specifying weights has a significant impact on the appearance of the GridBagLayout components. You can find the entire source file in GridBagLayoutDemo.

When two components in a row or column have a non-zero value gridbaglyout Weight X or Weight Y constraint the values determine how much the individual components grow. Set instance variables in the GridBagConstraints instance Press the button to the right of the Insets constraint text field. Of course our label at the top needs to be left aligned, and our table would be good if it had some data in it. Could you please help me with this. Larger numbers indicate that the component’s row or column gridbaglajout get more space.


String toString Returns a string representation of this grid bag layout’s values. Similarly, each row’s weight is related to the highest weighty specified for a component within that row.

To resize the First Name: This lesson covers writing layout code by hand, which can be challenging. The button in the second row spans all the columns; the button in the third row spans the two right columns. I struggled for about half a day trying to get some sort of menu system in AngularJS working. Similarly, not all columns necessarily have the same width.

With a sketch and a couple of print screens you was very simple and direct. Dimension minimumLayoutSize Container parent Determines the minimum size of the parent container using this grid bag layout.

If you enlarge the window as shown in the following figure, you will notice that the bottom row, which contains Button 5, gets all the new vertical space. This is because when the weight is 0. This behavior is also specified by the program. The following discussion assumes that the GridBagLayout controls a container that has a left-to-right component orientation.

How to Use GridBagLayout

The anchor constraint’s values can be absolute north, south, east, west, and so onor orientation-relative at start of page, at end of line, at the start of the first line, and so onor relative to the component’s baseline. The actual value of these components’ weightx is unimportant. A useful technique is to use variables for X and Y coordinates. The following table lists a few.